The urban explosion did, however, give rise to more concrete solutions. A number of management models appeared, each linked to a specific cultural climate and available space.
In the United States, Frank Lloyd Wright's plans to build Broadacre City sought to create suburban towns in the country, where everyone would have their own house and car. In practice, cities continued to stretch outwards through unbridled suburban sprawl. The phenomenon was amplified by the automotive boom to the point where it came to symbolize middle-class America.
The 1931 Census showed that the majority of the French population was now living in towns and cities. It was perhaps this phenomenon that led to the popular usage of slang terms for little-known places in the country, such as Trifouilly-les-Oies or Petaouchnok, pejorative terms roughly the equivalent of the "Back of Beyond" or "Timbuktu", used by city dwellers to describe the towns of their bucolic brethren. That is, until all things rural and natural redrew the priorities map to promote "rurban" living!